Saffron is the golden stigma of the purple fall flower, with Botanical name of Crocus Sativus belonging to the family Iridacease, known as saffron crocus and bears up to four flowers, each with three precious extra long, vivid Crimson stigmas. These three stigmas found in the blossoms of this botanical crocus called threads, are collected and dried to be used for culinary, medicinal, therapeutic, perfuming and pigmentation purposes. It takes 225,000 stigmas to make one pound (453 gr.) of saffron. The value of saffron is derived from the fact that it is such a labor intensive product.
Although the origins of saffron are disputed, Iran is regarded as being one of the earliest countries to cultivate saffron due favorable topography and weather conditions. Iran now accounts for approximately 93% of the world production of saffron. The approximate 7% remainder of saffron producers are Spain, Afghanistan, Portugal, France, Italy, Turkey and Kashmir.